Diabetes Rates Increase In Adolescents and Children

VANCOUVER, CANADA - A new study shows that between 2000 and 2009, the prevalence of diabetes in children and adolescents has increased dramatically.  Three million adolescents and children from different regions in the USA took part in the study, during which type 1 diabetes cases were found to increase by 21 percent from 2000 to 2009, and type 2 diabetes cases rose more than 30 percent.

Formerly known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas creates little or no insulin.  Major progress has been made doctors in the treatment and prevention of complications of people with type 1 diabetes, but the reasons behind the increase in cases isn't quite clear yet.  One theory suggests it could be related to changes in the collection of bacteria and microbes that live in and on the body, most notably in the digestive tract.

The causes for the rise in type 2 diabetes cases are much more clear, however.  Lack of exercise, low-quality diets, and increasing rates of obesity are all factors in the rising rates.  Children with type 2 diabetes face serious risks, compounded with the fact that most children with this condition are already obese.  Combined, obesity and diabetes increase the lifetime risk for strokes, blindeness, kidney failure, heart attacks, and amputations.

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